AVOID BAD HABITS FOR HEALTY LONG LIFE


AVOID BAD HABITS for HEALTY LONG     LIFE
When you think about the word "addiction," you may only think of alcohol, tobacco, and drug use.
However, there are other behaviors that may be healthy in moderation, but that can end up becoming addictions. Things like food, caffeine, Internet usage, and gambling can all become addictive for some people.
A full-blown addiction occurs when you have an inability to stop a harmful behavior even though it has negative consequences. If you see a problem, it is important to act to address the issue.
Tobacco use is the most important preventive measure of illness and cause of death in the healthy lifestyle.
Stop smoking tobacco; start to stop today (it takes about 15 years of nonsmoking behavior to achieve a "normal" risk level for heart disease for those that smoke).
Stop using chewing tobacco to avoid oral cancers.


Adverse consequences of tobacco use:

· Tobacco use causes or contributes to a large number of  causes cancers of the lung, mouth, lip, tongue, esophagus,kidney, and bladder. It also further increases the risk of bladder cancer in subjects occupationally exposed to certain organic chemicals found in the textile, leather, rubber, dye, paint, and other organic chemical industries, and further increases the risk of lung cancer among subjects exposed to asbestos.
· Tobacco use causes atherosclerotic arterial disease (hardening and narrowing of the arteries) that can lead to heart attacksstrokes, and lack of blood flow to the lower extremities. increases the risk of heart attacks among subjects with elevated cholesterol, uncontrolled hypertension, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.
· such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema, and causes pneumonia in those with chronic lung disease.
· Pregnant women who smoke are more likely to deliver babies with low birth weight.
· Secondhand smoke can cause middle-ear infections (otitis media), coughingwheezingbronchitis, and pneumonia in babies, and aggravate asthma in childrenSecondhand smoke (sometimes referred to as passive smoking) can also cause lung cancer.

Comments and recommendations (tips):

· Quitting smoking is difficult to accomplish; tobacco contains nicotine, which is addictive. Some smokers can quit, quitting smoking requires a serious life-long commitment for success.
· Quitting smoking efforts may include behavior modification, counseling, use of nicotine chewing gum (Nicorette Gum), nicotine skin patches (Transderm Nicotine), or oral medications such as bupropion (Zyban)

AVOID CONSEQUENCES OF Excessive alcohol consumption:


· Chronic, excess alcohol consumption is the major cause of liver cirrhosis 
· Liver cirrhosis can cause internal hemorrhage, fluid accumulation in the abdomen, easy bleeding and bruising, muscle wasting, mental confusion, infections, and in advanced cases, coma, and kidney failure.
· Liver cirrhosis can lead to liver cancer.
· Alcohol accounts for 40%-50% of deaths from automobile accidents .
· Alcohol use is a significant cause of injury and death from home accidents, drowning, and burns.

Adverse consequences of excess sun exposure:

Melanoma and other skin cancers

Recommendations---- 

· Avoid sunburns and sun exposure by using adequate skin protection; use brimmed hats, protective clothing, and sunscreen. 







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